Megabytes per second and megabits per second converter


What are megabits per second (Mbps)?

Megabits per second (Mbps) are units of measurement for network bandwidth và throughput. They are used lớn show how fast a network or mạng internet connection is. Each Mbps represents the capacity to transfer 1 million bits each second, or roughly one small photo per second. It may also be expressed as Mbit/s or Mb/s.

Bạn đang xem: Megabytes per second and megabits per second converter

A bit is the smallest measure of binary data. Each bit is a single 0 or 1. A megabit is 1 million bits. The measure of Mbps is how many millions of bits a network can theoretically transfer each second.

One million bits is not much data in modern terms. It is roughly one small JPEG picture or 8 seconds of good unique music. For a computer network lớn have a reasonable speed, it will need to operate at many Mbps.

Megabits per second vs. Megabytes per second: What"s the difference?

Megabits per second và megabytes per second (MBps) can be easily confused because they look the same, và both show data transfer speed. Megabit is always expressed with a lowercase "b," & megabyte is always expressed with an uppercase "B."

A byte is 8 bits. One megabyte per second is equal to 8 megabits per second. To get Mbps from MBps, multiply by eight. Lớn see MBps, take the Mbps, và divide by eight or multiply by 0.125. People can find out roughly how long a large file will take to download if they take its size in megabytes, multiply by eight and then divide by their mạng internet speed in Mbps.


Mbps is usually used to show the maximum possible tốc độ of a network. Users will typically see it used for internet speed from an mạng internet service provider (ISP) và network speed for Wi-Fi connections. MBps is typically used to lớn show the actual transfer tốc độ over a network -- for example, the download speed of a trò chơi or file or when transferring files on a computer. There is no hard-and-fast rule for what uses Mbps và what uses MBps, though.

The difference between megabits per second and megabytes per second is why you may see different numbers between your mạng internet speed và actual tải về speeds. Suppose an mạng internet connection is rated for 100 Mbps. The fastest file tải về speed is usually about 12 MBps. This is because 100 Mbps divided by 8 bits in a byte is 12.5 MBps and, in real-world applications due to overhead, a network will never be able to fully reach its maximum potential.

How many Mbps bởi I need for internet và network?

Internet providers will tell users the maximum tốc độ of the connection in megabits per second. This is usually expressed as two numbers with tải về speed/upload speed. For example, 100 Mbps/20 Mbps -- i.e., 100 Mbps tải về and đôi mươi Mbps upload.

Xem thêm: Điểm Danh Những Sinh Vật Huyền Bí ' Ngoài Đời Thực, Sinh Vật Huyền Bí Và Nơi Tìm Ra Chúng (Đời Thực)

In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission defines broadband internet as any connection faster than 25 Mbps/3 Mbps. This is no longer fast by today"s standards and should be considered the bare minimum speed for an mạng internet connection.

To determine the best mạng internet speed for their home, consumers should địa chỉ cửa hàng up the speeds of everything they plan to vị at the same time in Mbps & buy an mạng internet plan that will accommodate it all. For example, a video streaming platform recommends having 25 Mbps for each 4K video clip stream, and a đoạn clip conferencing service recommends 4 Mbps for each conference. If those in a home needed lớn watch two đoạn phim streams & do a đoạn phim conference, all at the same time, that would use 25 Mbps + 25 Mbps + 4 Mbps = 54 Mbps of total bandwidth; so, 100 Mbps mạng internet would accommodate that use.


For most trang chủ uses, 100 Mbps to 200 Mbps is sufficient. This enables a few people lớn use the internet at the same time, while leaving some room to grow. If there are many people in the trang chủ sharing the same mạng internet or users are doing high-bandwidth tasks, like uploading và downloading large files or streaming 4K video, then a faster connection is required. Some ISPs offer gigabit internet, which is 1,000 megabits per second, or 1 gigabit per second (Gbps).

Local area network and Wi-Fi speeds are also expressed in Mbps. Always ensure trang chủ network tốc độ is greater than internet speed. Most trang chủ routers are capable of Gigabit Ethernet. Gigabit Wi-Fi (802.11ac) operates at 500-800 Mbps, while Wi-Fi 6E (802.11ax) may offer speeds up to lớn 3.6 Gbps.


Mbps in video bit rate

Megabits per second are used khổng lồ express the bit rate of a video. đoạn phim bit rate is not the same as the video clip resolution, but they are connected. Video resolution is how big a picture is in pixels, and the bit rate is how much data is used lớn fill the picture. The higher the resolution, the more bit rate is needed. The higher the bit rate, the better the quality.

If two videos use the same resolution but different bit rates, the video that uses more Mbps will look better but take up more storage. If a đoạn phim is high resolution but not enough Mbps was allowed, the video unique will not look good. The compression codec & processing power may also affect bit rate.

Highly optimized video from a streaming service may use 5-10 Mbps for Full HD (FHD). A cellphone may use 16-15 Mbps for FHD video. Khổng lồ ensure the best quality and enable editing later, a video clip camera may use 30-50 Mbps for the same video. Some high-quality cinema cameras may use hundreds of megabits per second.

Related TermsCategories of twisted-pair cabling systemsA twisted-pair cabling system is a cable consisting of one or several pairs of copper wires. Seecompletedefinitionelectromagnetic interference (EMI)Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is unwanted noise or interference in an electrical path or circuit caused by an outside source. SeecompletedefinitionWhat is 5G?Fifth-generation wireless (5G) is the latest iteration of cellular technology. Unlike 4G, which requires large, high-power cell ... Seecompletedefinition